Mint marks on british coins


mother

mother

mother

mother

mother

mother

mother

mother

mother

mother

mother

mother

mother

mother

Mint marks on british coins

(b) ROYAL MINT LONDON -The Birmingham Mint has a small dot under the date of the coin but exactly below the First Digit of Date 1985. S. Dec 01, 2014 · * In India, Indian coins are minted through SPMCIL mints located in Kolkata, Mumbai, Hyderabad and Noida. The Royal Mint Branch Mints - Pretoria South Africa. The following is directly from the mint’s release; interested applicants can also read the posting directly on the Royal Mint website. Click here to see Roman coins arranged by Mint in Forum's shop catalog. There are four silver coins (Rupee, 1/2 Rupee, 1/4 Rupee and 2 Annas) and three copper coins (1/4 Anna, 1/2 Pice and 1/12 Anna). co. Bombay mint issues are usually marked by a raised  Information on British Mint Marks. In 1968, mint marks were restored to U. rare coins), editor at the Florida United Numismatists Club (FUN Topics magazine), and author of Images of America: The United States Mint in Philadelphia (a book that explores the colorful history of the Philadelphia Mint). The Royal Mint is the body permitted to manufacture, or mint, the coins of the United Kingdom. Naquin found  17 Apr 2019 Custom Minting - UK Mint manufacturing Bullion and Proof Gold, Silver Die marks are small letters/ marks which appear on a coin in order to  11 Oct 2019 The UK government has decided to issue a commemorative coin to mark the 150th birthday anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, said Britain's  Glossary of terms used in the Roman Republican Coins in the British Museum Control marks: A series of numerals, letters or symbols used by the mint to  25 Sep 2019 With 2019 marking 50 years of the 50 pence piece, The Royal Mint has The Royal Mint uses 50p coins to mark significant events in Britain's  14 Jun 2019 UK's Royal Mint releases Tower of London coins Greater Kashmir | The mint mark, which is the first time this has appeared on a British coin  ·confronted with the existence of coins which have been clearly. If you have any questions about Silver British Coins, please feel free to reach out to Silver. Feb 26, 2019 · There's good news for coin collectors. It depicts the denomination or issue price of the coin with year and mint mark the date of coin or an C incuseis seen at 6'o clock position in british india coins. Many times called mint errors, error coins come in scores of "shapes, sizes and types. com. In 2019 an additional 2. Mint Marks. It includes the old £1 pound coin replaced in 2017. The mint mark may appear on either the obverse or reverse. The first of these, known from a single specimen held at the British Museum, carries a half-length portrait and includes the date 1548 in roman numerals. Jul 06, 2008 · Some coins were minted abroad and imported in 1857-58, 1943, 1985, 1997-2002 and these bear the mint marks of their origin. Reintroducing the design from one of the most famous British gold coins of all time, the Royal British Mint has issued the 2017 Gold Sovereign Coins. Very few coins were issued in the first year (1906). The Bombay mint is represented (1874-1883) by a dot mint mark. If a problem was found on a particular series of coins (underweight for example), the coins could be traced to the offending mint and the officials held liable. Bring home over 1,100 years of history when you purchase from the world’s leading export mint. Many coins also have the designer’s initials hidden… Dec 22, 2006 · Mint Mark Varieties : Victoria (1874 - 1901) Introduction : There are three mints that produced the Rupee. Aug 04, 2007 · These new coins were not popular, so the 8 Anna and 4 Anna coins were discontinued shortly after introduction. FREE Shipping Available. D. 6 No. See also: To view coins of Henry III available from TimeLine Originals - www. In 1690, Job Charnok, an agent of the East India Company chose this place for a British  22 May 2011 Coins issued under the Coinage Act 1835, by the East India Company and ,later, under the Regal issues by the British Government in India  EDWARD III 1351-1352 CROSS 1351-1357 CROZIER ON CROSS END ( Durham) 1352-1353 BROKEN CROSS 1354-1355 CROSS 1356 CROWN 1356- 1361  Gold Sovereign mint marks, used to distinguish Sovereign coins depending on the city of origin across the British Empire and the Commonwealth. The history of mints correlates closely with the history of coins. Below are pictures of mint marks on ST George and the dragon type sovereigns. British India coinage under Edward VII 1903-1910. Aug 02, 2019 · An important WWII battle that helped liberate the Netherlands is now the focus of a new Canadian silver coin from the Royal Canadian Mint. 1902-1910-P Australia Gold Sovereign Edward VII Avg Circ . On some reverses the mintmarks for these series were also placed below the head on the obverse. Knowing what mint marks are and where to locate them is an important aspect of coin collecting. This, together with the date freeze, eliminated distinguishing features that could tempt people to remove the coins from circulation while the Mint was striving to meet the country’s need for coins. The idea was that if a problem were to arise with a specific coin, such as if it were found to be under or overweight, the mark would lead you right to the person in charge. Letters A and B ? "It is the mintmark. mint coins & foreign currency? GovMint. The lack of any privy marks (see commentary on next coin) proves that this was one of the initial issues from the mint. The West Point mint mark, "W", was first used on the $10 gold coins commemorating the 1984 Olympic games in Los Angeles. Calcutta mint coins usually carry no mint mark or an incused ' C' at the bottom of the reverse. Code: PMMC. The Royal Mint opened a branch mint in Pretoria, South Africa in 1923. 999 fine silver $20 coin is the newest in Collecting these little pieces of British history is a fascinating way to discover the heritage of this great country. However, a couple of days back, Royal Mint tweeted a series of interesting facts about £1 coins on Twitter which turn 30 today. In addition to the mint, the officina (or workshop) within the mint is often identified. Our wide selection of numismatic items include gold, silver, and platinum coins, program coins, annual coin sets, proof sets, commemorative coins, and uncirculated coins. To appease collector dema nd, the U. In other topic, Fosseway mentioned that no British coins have any mint mark, except a few issues. FDC: (Fleur de Coin) Perfect mint state, with no abrasions or marks, and full lustre . Current American coins bear the mint marks P (Philadelphia), D (Denver), S (San Francisco), or W (West Point). Three mints participated in the minting of the coins Bombay Mint, Calcutta Mint and Royal Mint. Since it was the first mint of India, there is no mint mark. The initials of mint masters in microscopic letters were stamped on the gold and silver coins at the truncation of the royal head. Key to the creation of a Canadian mint, Canadian gold sovereigns were produced from the Klondike gold rush in 1896. Opens in a new window Opens an external site Opens an external site in a new window Jan 03, 2007 · British India Coins(1862-1947)were stuck under the authority of the crown. May 22, 2011 · 15) Indian mints and their identification marks Indian Mint and their identification marks: Coins issued under the Coinage Act 1835, by the East India Company and ,later, under the Regal issues by the British Government in India , were minted predominantly in two mints, one located at Calcutta (presently called Kolkata) and Bombay ( presently Mint marks Gibraltar Mint marks UK I gathered here info provided by ZacUK in a 2012 thread because most links given there are dead. The coins were minted in Bombay and Calcutta (and given tiny mint marks B and C). The mint marks represent where the coins were minted or produced. Sovereigns struck at the Royal Mint (UK 1817–1917, 1925, 1957 to date) do not have mint marks. Featuring everything from historical events and iconic Canadian animals to international sports events, there is a silver coin from the Royal Canadian Mint for every taste and interest. The Royal Mint has released a proof set in honour of the The coin prices and values for Uncirculated Mint Sets. * UK new Coins for 2018. For the second year, one of the country’s favourite characters, the Snowman, features on 50-pence coins and in various options — including a silver Proof colour design. Each mint mark is a small letter printed on the reverse. The coins feature a depiction of Windsor Castle based on the badge of the Ever since our very first Poppy coin in 2004, the Royal Canadian Mint has proudly issued special commemorative coins to remember the service and sacrifice of Canada’s Veterans and active military. The German New Guinea Company issued its own coinage in 1894 and it remained legal tender until 15 April 1911, when it was replaced by regular German imperial coinage. With the expansion of the British Empire, the coins too circulated around the world. The Sovereign Gold coins will be dates of our choi In addition to the relatively customary markings to indicate the striking date and mint, there were marks for the Engraver General, the Mint Director, and the local engraver. It has some space to fill for coin collectors since changing the design of the one pound coin in 2017 as that took a lot of limited edition pound coins out of the pool of coins that might end up in your change. British trading posts in India were first established by the East India Company ( EIC) early in the . . Greek euro coins dated 2002 Mar 29, 2000 · The Royal Canadian Mint, British Royal Mint, Pobjoy Mint, Franklin Mint, Royal Australian Mint, Valcambi Mint, Italian State Mint and others have one thing in common which is different from the U. Like the older coin inscriptions system of moneyers and town/city names these marks were intended to be used as a way of holding moneyer's accountable for the quality of their coins. Like the older coin  The striking of mint marks is a tradition that often indicates prestige. Silver is one of the leading precious metals at the moment, and the demand for silver coins from sovereign mint programs and a select few private mints has at times threatened to put all coin programs on halt due to silver shortages. Three Cent Coin: no mint mark on Nickel Three Cent Coins as they were all minted at the Phildelphia Mint. Dec 04, 2014 · The Pobjoy Mint marks the centennial of the unsuccessful Trans-Antarctic Expedition with £2 coins from the British Antarctic Territory and South Georgia & South Sandwich Islands. Fast shipping. These coins are imported with the approval of Reserve Bank of India. That same year, mint marks were temporarily removed in an effort to reduce coin collecting activity during a major coin shortage at the time. ELIZABETH D G ANGLIA F ET HI REG, bust of Elizabeth left, her hair and gown adorned with jewels and pearls, wearing large ruff collar / E-R to left and right of a bay or laurel tree on an island, inscribed NON IPSA PERICVLA TANGVNT, in the centre of A mint mark, put simply, is a small letter or insignia to indicate where a coin was made. The Calcutta mint is represented either by no mint mark or an incuse (indented) letter "C" on the ornamental figure at the bottom of the coin (6 o'clock position). The ascendancy of Spanish coinage dates from 1537 when Charles I, revising an act of 1479, promulgated exacting standards for Spanish silver and gold coins. Apr 22, 2018 · Namaskar dosto, MA hament aapka bahut bahut swagat karta hu golden collection channel ma, dosto aaj ma aapko batau ga Indian mint mark konsa hota hai aur Una The Presidency issues of British India coins comprised of different designs for each of the presidencies - Bombay, Madras and Bengal. Coins are produced and sold in a variety of different finishes. Mints have issued coins. The new coins minted under the Coinage Act, 1835 had the effigy of William IV on the obverse and the value on the reverse in English and Persian. In the beginning, hammered coinage or cast coinage were the chief means of coin minting, with resulting production runs numbering as little as the hundreds or thousands. The United States Mint has been producing proof coins since around 1817. Kolkata/Calcutta mint was the first mint established in India in 1757. Containing . May 02, 2017 · The Royal Mint has issued an official range of commemorative £5 coins to mark the centenary of the House of Windsor. Mintmarks first started to appear under the reign of Edward III and have continued to be used even on the very latest modern decimal issues. This is also common for dates or mint marks in which proof coins were never minted. MINT MARKS: A Mint Mark is an inscription( letter or other symbol) on a coin indicating the mint where the coin was produced. When purchasing collectable coins, the condition and quality of the coin are naturally at the forefront of your mind. It was the most significant development in the gold coinage of the United Kingdom for over 150 years. The coinage Act of 1965 prohibited mint marks for five years. The 1918 One Penny coin is particularly interesting because there are a number of variations in existence which are of interest to coin collectors. The die strikes bullion coins once, and proof coins two or more times. Gallery. They are preferred by some but also overlooked by others as a true investment. No mint marks appear on coins dated 1965, 1966, and 1967. OppoLing 1830 United Kingdom Old Coin -Great British Coins- Scottish Shield Silver Plated Old Coins -Lucky Commemorative Coin-Discover History of US Coins Best Product Apr 27, 2013 · Each Indian coin has mint marks to identify the mint where the coin was made. coins. A Denier had been struck by Charlemagne in the kingdom of the Franks about 755 AD, and the King of Kent at the Canterbury mint and King Offa of Mercia at the London mint based their new coins on this but it was only when Eadgar became King of all England in 959, reigning until 975, that the silver penny was used throughout England. 29 Oct 2019 Commemorative coins minted to mark Brexit on Oct. The Ottawa mint was established to strike sovereign coins with the gold which had been discovered in the Yukon and British Columbia. First struck in 1987, Silver Britannia Coins became an instant classic – today it marks one of the flagship bullion coins produced by The Royal Mint. The Silver Three Cent Coin Dated 1851 has the mint mark "O" for the New Orleans Mint. Now, though, all mint marks would be located on the obverse. It is the first time this mint mark has been used on an official UK coin, adding an additional  We all regularly come across difficulties in identifying mint marks. A deciding factor in the value of many coins is the place of mintage. I'm also the editor at CDN Publishing (a trusted source for the price of U. The following chart is a short list of old nickel values dealers pay for some of the most common date coins in each nickel type, notice how condition affect the value of your old coins. Sign in to check out Check out as guest . Mint marks are located on the reverse of the coin at the bottom in an area known as the 'exergue'. Indian coins bear the distinctive marks of these mints but some coins were minted abroad and imported in 1857-58, 1943, 1985, 1997-2002 and these bear the mint marks of their origin. British Coins guide Online, part 10 great re-coinage. A star below the year - Hyderabad Mint The Proof coins/uncirculating coins bear differ in the marks shown, but these above are the marks from We are an online store focused on coins. Proof coins are normally produced for collections and are not intended for circulation. In Indian coin mint marks usually can be found under the date. Looking for a circulated or mint state coin for your collection? Want it encapsulated and graded? Customize your search to locate the coins you want. These initials helped to identify the product of different mints. He continued as Governor General & Viceroy of India until 21 Mar 1862. com has it. All mint marks are on the reverse of the coin. Condition and Quality of Coins. Match your British India Coins & Republic India Coins to the pictures and find silver rupee values, old mohur values, and values of any other old British India & Republic India Coins. The Royal Mint  18 Mar 2014 But it was not until 1910 that circulating British currency began to be The new date or other mint generated changes such as mint marks can  14 Sep 1989 Question: I was told that the lack of a mint mark on a United States coin Bermuda's historic past has been struck by the British Royal Mint. Oct 14, 2019 · The Royal Mint's director of currency, Andrew Mills, said: "The official 2018 mintage figures provide a guide to the volume and variety of coins in 50p circulation today. 9999, as in Canadian Silver Maple Leafs, the Australian Lunar Series, and the Queen's Beasts series. Half Silver Coins ? After the price of silver started going up after the outbreak of World War II in 1939, the practice of hoarding silver coins became common. The 1/4 Rupee and 1/2 Rupee silver coins quickly resumed production. Many British India coin books have attributed the “tiny diamond-shaped pyramid marks” appearing on the 2 annas, 1 anna and the ½ anna of 1946, as the identifying mint marks for the Lahore Mint in 1946. In 1833, the three presidency was united as East India Company and started to produce one common coinage. Visitors to The Royal Mint Indian coins since 1835-2007 have the following Mint Marks, which are found under the date (year of issue) of the coin. The mint opened in 1733 when the first machine struck coins were being introduced to the colonies. An everyday staple, over the years signature designs have made it highly collectable – 50p coins celebrate every aspect of British culture from sporting achievements to children’s literature. Any spots on copper coins will also be minor. coins with these letters opposite we have not seen, but they are given upon the authority of those writers. The Royal Mint originated over 1100 years ago, producing coins for England and eventually Great Britain. Russell Rulau, Editor Jul 05, 2017 · Some uncirculated coins will have small contact marks. They are always inscribed with the year of issue and denomination. Multiple Authors. British Coin Sets 2007 Coin Sets Index of Year 2008 Coins & Sets. Pobjoy Mint UK headquarters and factory are based in the county of Surrey in England and, since 1996, we also have a US office located in Minnesota MINT MARKS ON BRITISH INDIA COINS. 999 fineness. The Intentional Die Varieties are design differences on the coins for a particular year and denomination that were deliberately made by the U. BGASC is a Trusted Dealer BBB Accredited Rated A+ With its own engraver pursuing his individual course, the Durham House mint produced some highly distinctive half-sovereigns. But the strong suspicion is that this issue was intended for the personal use of the king. In South Africa, the three pence coin was known as a “tickey” although the reason it was called that is Buy 2019 Silver Britannia Coins MintFirst™ (25 pcs) If you are looking to obtain the latest and most pristine silver bullion coins for your portfolio, Kitco's exclusive MintFirst™ Silver Britannia Coins provide you direct access to 25 minted silver coins packaged securely in a protective British Mint tube. time-lines. Jan 14, 2019 · A set of coins celebrating 50 years of the seven-sided 50 pence piece has been unveiled by the Royal Mint. Jul 25, 2018 · I can not think of another nation in the world that puts dates and mint marks on coin edge. b)Kolkata mint: No initial mark below date. Mint. There are no variants and no mint marks. Mint Marks returned in 1968 In 1968, Congress acted to restore mint marks to coins. Spink 1181 - £850 in VF for Northampton mint, North 827, Freeman 7, BNJ X1X, pl. With a new record set at Baldwin's, British coins are big money in the collecting world. May 21, 2011 · The one rupee coins minted in the Kremnca mint in 2001 were the last coins minted by any Foreign mint for the Indian Government/Reserve Bank of India, as India mints have now achieved self-sufficiency in minting the domestic requirement of coin denominations. Calcutta Mint : No Mint Even examples for Indian Princely State and Pakistan test mark coins are known. Discreet fully insured delivery. Philip Nathan’s craftsmanship reimagined an instantly recognizable icon. This was the last mint that The Royal Mint established overseas. We sell authentic coins from around the world. 9999 fine silver bar. See ERIC - Mint Map and ERIC - Mintmarks. Since 2010 it has operated as Royal Mint Ltd, a company owned by HM Treasury, under an exclusive contract to supply all coinage for the UK. From 1986 to 1998, the US Mint struck its popular Silver Eagle bullion coins at the San Francisco Mint. Mintmarks on English Coins. The 1882 penny - look for the H; UK Coin Pages - Index by Denomination. Jul 28, 2007 · All mint marks are on the reverse of the coin. The Pinehurst Coins Advantage! If you are tired of paying for shipping and waiting forever from the time you purchase your coins or bullion until the time you get them, you are at the right place! Allow us to introduce the Pinehurst Coins Advantage! Pinehurst Coins offers Fast and Free Shipping on all orders! British Caribbean Territories - Eastern Group Denom Year Faces Shape/ Edge Misc Mint Marks; 25 cents: 1955 [cay ship:hr QUEEN ELIZABETH THE SECOND] 10 cents [""] Dealer in English hammered coins. Such mints have their own specific marks known as Mint Marks. Free shipping available. A dash "-" means either the pricing information is not available or unknown, which is common for rare coins or very old coins where coins in uncirculated condition may not exist. 14 Jan 2019 The commemorative coins mark events including Sir Roger Bannister The movement was founded in 1907 by British cavalry officer Robert  Mint marks are located on the reverse of the coin at the bottom in an area . Starting around the middle of the 3rd century A. With over 40 years experience servicing the global numismatic industry we offer both precision proof minting with high volume production of both circulating coins and commemorative medals. Mint Marks on Indian Coins (a) SEOUL MINT(SOUTH KOREA) - The Seoul mint has a “Five Pointed Star"under the date of the coin but exactly below the first or Last Digits of dates 1985 and 1997. All British India coins were generally minted in three mints during British regime mostly three mints were in existence namely: a)Mumbai mint: Usually initial letter M is used and are usually found below date. Although the mint was officially opened on 1 January 1923, the first sovereign was not minted until later that year. Mint started to specifically make these special coins, which was the official beginning of proof coinage. Our main coins are in the Ancient coins, American coins and World Coins categories. Starting in 1947 the U. Apr 20, 2010 · The purpose of this web site is to describe the beautiful coinage of British India during the reign of Queen Victoria, 1862-1901. The rule is also called Crown rule or direct rule in India. Long Cross Pennies (1247-1279) by Rod Blunt. Miss Eva Adams, Director of the Mint, and Mrs. British coins have a rich history. " 1-16 of 187 results for "british silver coins" Skip to main search results Various Mint Marks Walking Liberty Half Dollar XF/VF 90% Silver Extra Fine Half Dollar May 21, 2019 · Royal Mint's 26 'Great British A-Z' 10p coins are almost as rare as the Kew Gardens 50p: Is it worth checking your change for them? This is Money revealed the release of the 26 collectible 10p Apr 08, 2014 · 1918 One Penny at Rare British Coins. Mints). The Tower Mint Ltd is one of the UK’s leading private mints and last remaining mint in London. This article serves to list the information about the various types of identifying marks on euro coins, including engraver and designer initials and the unique edge inscriptions found on the €2 coins. Mint--each of them strikes coins under contract for foreign countries. If a coin was underweight, or overweight, the mint mark would immediately tell where the coin was minted, and the problem  So, if the space below the year is empty, it represent Kolkata mint mark. Mint marks for both systems are many, and variations are common in all types of Australian Coins, for more information on varieties click on the link at the bottom of this page. MINT MARKS GEORGE V COINS Bombay Mint :Used a small dot on the reverse under the ornate near the bottom of the coin at 6'o clock position. A mint is an industrial facility which manufactures coins that can be used as currency. " There may be scattered marks, hairlines or other defects, but they will be minor. It opened for business on 2 January 1908 and only issued sovereigns for ten years between 1908 and 1919. To get an idea of how valuable some of your coins are. Although these coins did not bear Mint marks on them, their Mint location is still known thanks to information provided on their packaging. If you are looking for a mint mark on coins made in the United States before 1968, they are usually on the reverse. Understanding Mint Marks on Coins. Regular coins will be struck once under a normal pressure and a high rate of speed. These coins are given a grade based upon their condition and specified by other factors such as mint marks, release dates and other variables. Jun 22, 2009 · In this article, we will look at a few examples of added mint marks. The old World Coins Vol. Purchasing random year sovereign Gold coins is a great way to add to your Gold portfolio at lower premiums. The British Trade Dollar was minted from 1895 and given legal tender status in the British colonies of Straits Settlements, Hong Kong and Labuan but it was only produced until 1935. silver bullion coins, the U. ) . Great British Coin Hunt Coin Collection. Results 1 - 6 of 50 Knowing what mint marks are and where to locate them is very important to coin collectors. Jul 12, 2013 · The British Trade dollar was declared legal tender on 2 February 1895 by an Order of Council in the Straits Settlements, Hong Kong and Labuan (off the north-west coast of British North Borneo). Roman Mintmarks By Mint Mint Dates of Operation Mintmarks Alexandria, Egypt 294 - 421 and 457 - 474 A. It is located to the right of the "C" on the back of the coin. The mint marks can be seen above the date, on the ground below the horses hove. Mint feature a mint mark - a small letter indicating where the coin was struck. Chinese businessmen, ever watchful for fakes, placed their sign or "chop" on any of these trade coins that passed muster. We work with the best online coin dealers around the world. in this case the British Royal Mint, the gold content Wild Canada Coin Series. Mar 15, 2018 · The U. The Ottawa mint in Canada struck gold sovereigns for ten years between 1908 and 1919. the British. The Great British Coin Hunt is a collection of 26 unique 10 pence Royal Mint coins. of India. No marks below year - Kolkatta Mint 3. Added mint marks are commonplace with several series of U. Ex - Baldwins Full round example of this classic Anglo Saxon coin. Dec 25, 2012 · foreign mint marks on republic indian coins In the decades of 1980's, 1990's and in the year 2000 Indian coins were minted even through foreign mints based on the requested orders from Govt. The easiest way to distinguish between genuine and added mint marks is to know the subtle nuances of an original coin. " Read More Related Articles From there we can evaluate and then possibly submit the coins. If you're a regular reader, you'll have seen that Baldwin's set a new world record for a British coin last week, selling the incredibly rare Edward VIII sovereign for 516,000 ($896,393). In 1999, production of the coins shifted to the Philadelphia Mint for a two-year stint. Great Britain Coins Collectors looking for long, rich histories are sure to appreciate coins from Great Britain. The collector, collecting Greek coins, who wishes to delve into ancient Greek coinage is met with a few surprises when compared to collecting contemporary coins: There are usually no dates or mint marks on Greek coins. Pobjoy Mint UK headquarters and factory are based in the county of Surrey in England and, since 1996, we also have a US office located in Minnesota The Royal Canadian Mint has released their latest gold collector coins which marks the centenary anniversary of the last sovereign coins minted in Canada. . See Mint Marks in These marks have been continued as a part of the national designs of the euro coins, as well. ​ British Antarctic Territory: coins made by Pobjoy Mint British  British coins on this page are arranged from the most valuable to the least valuable, . Apr 16, 2013 · The side of the coin is called the "Edge" of the coin. There will be a small mint mark on coins made at the Denver (D), New Orleans (O), San Francisco (S), and Carson City (CC) mints. A letter "F" in an oval cartouche was stamped alongside the regular hallmarks, the maker's mark being that of the British importing firm (sponsor's mark). Although the Franklin Mint produced primarily medallic issues, they were also one of the world's largest and most prestigous private mints in the 1960's through 1980's, and produced mint, proof, and commemorative silver coin sets for many countries around the world. Mint marks on United States coins began with the passage of the Act of March 3, 1835 (which established the first branch U. A mint mark tells you where the coin was made. Calcutta Mint : No Mint Mark used Copper Coins of George V Silver Coins of George V Coins were minted in India with the effigy of King George V from 1911 to 1936. Our free budget tracker helps you understand your spending for a brighter financial future. Items 1 - 24 of 212 British coins are primarily struck at the sovereign Royal Mint, . Government of India issued many coins minted by foreign mints during times of shortage of coins. Aug 04, 2007 · No coins were minted using his portrait. British Silver Coins for Investment. A mint mark is a letter or group of letters indicating the city, state, or country where a coin was minted. British coins are primarily struck at the sovereign Royal Mint , although the Pobjoy Mint strikes coins for some of the country’s overseas territories. Indian Mint Marks on Coins May 26, 2008 · Mint marks on Recent Indian Coins There are four mints in India each with a long & distinguished history that produce coins which serve our everyday needs, The two oldest are Alipore (Calcutta) and Bombay(Mumbai) mints, both were Established in 1829 by the British Government, though the former was originally located in Calcutta and moved to its Mar 29, 2019 · Look for a mint mark. The Royal Mint has already started minting new 2018 coins to add to the large number of interesting and collectors coins already in circulation. Formally denominated at 24 shillings, the coins would have been significantly undervalued for the purposes of circulation. In addition to the Engelhard 100 oz silver bars we also carry the Amark, JM. However, mints produce some silver coins with a fineness of . As a private mint, we also produce medals, medallions, official regalia, tokens and numistatic gifts. A glance at Coincraft's Standard Catalogue of English and UK Coins 1066 to Date, for example, shows that eleven pages are dedicated to enumerating and picturing the mintmarks that appear on British coinage between 1334 and 1662. As the coin marks its 50th birthday, The Royal Mint is delighted to present a set of extra special coins, a carefully curated selection of design What mint marks are on the British West Africa Shilling? No resources were used in the making of British West African 2 Shillings coins for Kings George I, II and III. Marian Rossmiller, Superintendent of the Denver Mint, presided at ceremonies which included the inspection of a specimen proof coin set bearing the San Francisco mint mark. The Royal Mint has announced that it is re-releasing 26 alphabet 10p coins as part of the 2019 Great British Coin Hunt. The coin has oblique left milling on the edge. Random Year Sovereign Gold Coins - Acquire the best in popular sovereign Gold coins! These random year Gold Coins are backed by the governments that issued them. Rarest 50p coins in circulation and how valuable they are, as Royal Mint marks 50 years of the coin sports to coincide with London 2012 is often credited with giving British coin-collecting a Jan 14, 2019 · A set of coins celebrating 50 years of the seven-sided 50 pence piece has been unveiled by the Royal Mint. Jul 02, 2014 · A Closer Look at Coins: Mintage, Mint Marks, and the Carson City Morgan Dollar In What Makes a Coin Valuable we found out that there are several different things to consider when evaluating coins. BRITISH COINS 792 793 792 Cnut, King of England (1016-1035), Penny, Short Cross type (c. Buy and Sell British Hammered Coins from full collections to single coins Kingston-upon-Hull Mint, Attractive light tone, weakly Offering Roman coins, Greek coins, ancient coins, British coins, medieval coins, coin auctions, renaissance coins, Indian coins, rare coins, Celtic coins, European Collectible Australian Silver Coins Like Canada, Australia freed herself from direct British rule over a century ago in a civil separation from her mother country. Listed below is a guide to the Mint Marks used on Australian Coins. These would include varieties like the 1960 Lincoln cents with Large Dates and Small Dates, the 1979-S and 1981-S proof Lincoln cents with different mint mark styles, etc. The British Royal Mint has announced that it’s seeking freelance concept artists and illustrators to work with the mint’s Coin Design team. Pobjoy Mint is the leading manufacturer of legal tender coins for British Overseas Territories. The following Mint marks can be seen in Indian coins---- However, in response to the record demand for these U. The Proof 2019 . Silvertowne, and Sunshine Mint 10 oz. Various kind of patterns and shapes are placed around the edge to prevent counterfeiting of coins by making it difficult to copy. The British Royal Mint has been making Gold coins for centuries, and these Gold British coins are a tangible contact with the United Kingdom’s remarkable history. Medieval mints used a dizzying assortment of marks, often small pictures or symbols. " The Collecting Greek Coins is an absorbing and rewarding hobby. Silver bullion coins usually have a fineness of . A special set of coins celebrating British cultural history has been unveiled to mark the 50th anniversary of the 50 pence piece. Part of Samlerhuset Group, one of Europe’s largest coin companies, founded in 1994 and operating in 14 European countries, The London Mint Office is distributor for major world mints including The Royal Australian Mint, The Royal Canadian Mint, The South African Mint, The New Zealand Mint, The People’s Bank of China and The French State Mint. Finding Mint Marks A mint mark is a small letter (D and S being the most commonly encountered) somewhere on the coin. The possible The Royal Mint has launched (5th November) new holiday-themed collector coins in time for the gift-giving season. Every mint mints a unique symbol to identify the origin of the coin. 1849, 1869, 1882 without the H mint mark, and 1919 with a KN mint mark. There are currently four mints in India, Kolkata, Mumbai, Hyderabad and Noida. commemorative and bullion platinum, palladium, gold, and silver coins are also often issued in both uncirculated and proof types, sometimes with different mint marks. The region under British control was commonly called British India or simply India in contemporaneous usage, and included are as directly administered by the United Kingdom, which were collectively called British India, and those ruled by indigenous rulers, but under British tutelage 13-April-2010 update: William E. Pre - Decimal . In all, a total of 8 different U. In American numismatics, mint marks were not used until 1838 when the first branch mint facilities were opened. A set of genuine 20th century bronze pennies struck at the Heaton and Kings Norton Mints, and the Royal Mint. Above the letter O of ONE on the reverse is either AA or AB letters. Sometimes this small mark on a coin can mean the . One normal, two emergency issue with different mint marks (H & KN shown left of date). 2354 of an ounce of Gold and featuring iconic designs, it is easy to see why the Gold Sovereign is one of the most popular Gold coins in the world. This release marks the 200th anniversary of the gold sovereign. The commemorative coins mark events including Sir Roger Bannister running the first sub 3x British Pennies - 100 years old. After Queen Victoria died in 1901, her elder son, King Edward VII ascended the throne. Dispatched with Royal Mail 2nd Class Letter. silver, and platinum coins, including proofs and piedforts, were issued to mark  21 Dec 2018 Great Britain held back its silver coinage insisting the Colonies send silver Philadelphia Mint (1792-present): Mint Mark, None until 1980 with  14 Jan 2019 A special set of coins celebrating British cultural history has been unveiled to mark the 50th anniversary of the 50 pence piece. In the first half of the year, a small number of sovereigns of pre-debasement weight and fineness were struck at the Southwark mint. The coins were minted to exacting standards by the Royal Canadian Mint, with each one containing 1 oz of . These bars are old and may come packaged individually or in original plastic from the mint. Mint marks: 1871 - 1932: In order for the Royal Mint to distinguish the sovereigns minted at the Branch Mints they used a variety of mint marks. MINT MARKS ON BRITISH INDIA COINS. 59 x 46 mm. 1V:5 [this coin illustrated]. Travelling in mint bags and making contact with other coins within the mint bag commonly cause these marks. Take charge of your finances with Mint’s online budget planner. Convert your leftover predecimal and withdrawn Pound Sterling coins to cash using our hassle-free online exchange service. Modern Canadian coins do not have mint marks in the sense American coins have mint marks. First launched last March, the full set consists of individually designed A-Z coins inspired by Great British icons, with the first letter of the design fitting the English alphabet. The forum . The Edward VII series of coins of India are dated 1903-1910. MINT MARKS Coins are minted from various mints within country. There will be 2. First launched in 2018, the collection has proved incredibly popular amongst the British public. This is our Indian Coins price guide for people who are unfamiliar with coins but want to find out about old Indian coin values. There are three kinds of mint marks you could find on an American Silver Eagle Proof coin, depending on the year the coin was made. Both the India mint and Canada mint Sovereigns are quite rare. Noida Mint 4. b). Very rare One Penny!. Naquin of New Orleans (USA) recently reported finding 2 annas coins of Edward VII dated 1910 with an apparent Bombay mint mark ("dot" on lotus-bud stem). Dec 09, 2013 · What are British Sovereigns worth? Some of the coins are dated 1907, others are 1902, 1906 1911, 1917. Sometimes this small mark on a coin can mean the difference in value of thousands of dollars. British coins: shield design The Royal Mint's 1p, 2p, 5p, 10p, 20p and 50p coins can be arranged to reveal an esoteric shield design that mimics the coat of arms on the older £1 coin, which goes The First Proof Coins. On some rarer coins these mint marks appear beneath a monarch's neck, a wreath or a shield, as shown below. ( Notes: Hosted a mint under the British Roman emperors Carausius and Allectus. Values are listed starting with the small but rare gold dollar and ending with the huge twenty dollar gold coins. Feb 09, 2012 · Chop Marks are found primarily on American Silver Trade Dollars dated 1873-1878 and Japanese Yen (1870-1914) that circulated in China. Buy Gold and Silver Bullion Coins or Bars Online at Low Prices. Protect your British Gold in style by adding attractive capsules recommended for this coin. 1million new coins from this much-loved collection are set to enter circulation. Minted at the British Royal Mint and other Commonwealth Mints. Henry III AR Long-Cross Penny. Coins are the most popular form of silver and traded among both collectors and investors. The Royal Canadian Mint has released their latest gold collector coins which marks the centenary anniversary of the last sovereign coins minted in Canada. Durham coins often have distinctive mint marks reflecting the incumbent. Some coins were minted abroad and imported in 1857-58, 1943, 1985, 1997-2002 and these bear the mint marks of their origin. Originally called magistrate marks, mint marks were used on coins in ancient Greece to refer to the magistrate who was in charge of their production. 1029-1036), London Mint, diademed bust left, sceptre in front +CNVT RECX, rev short cross voided, circle enclosing Rarest 50p coins in circulation and how valuable they are, as Royal Mint marks 50 years of the coin sports to coincide with London 2012 is often credited with giving British coin-collecting a IMPORT MARKS : The required use of import marks to be stamped on foreign made silver was instituted in 1867. Introduction: The sovereign coins are an internationally recognized coins. 9999 UK Gold Coins, 1 oz Gold Britannia Coins, 1 oz 1/4 oz Queen's Beast Gold Coins, British Mint 22k Gold Sovereign Coins, all available here at SD Bullion. Nov 11, 2019 · So, I expect these new commemorative issues to be amongst the most anticipated new issues in 2020, and as such will be in high demand! If you want to be kept up to date and be the first to know when these coins are available then simply register your interest below and we’ll email you as soon as we have more information. Australian Coin Collection. British trade dollar year 1902 has 3 varieties It is produced in India Bombay mint with a B mint mark and Calcutta Mint with a C mint m Counterfeit British Trade Dollar Before you rushed to buy a British trade dollar and any other crown silver coins, It is very important to learn some knowledge on i An error coin is a coin that was manufactured incorrectly by a mint. As stated here and in the literature in general, "The 2 Annas coin was minted only in Calcutta. PART 1. Each bar is minted with the highest attention to detail. Since the Norman Conquest in 1066, England and its neighbours used the likes of Pounds, Shillings and Pennies as the predominant currency up until decimalisation in 1970/1971. Many foreign mints also minted Indian coins. In our collection, we have a huge range of commemorative British currency coins delivered worldwide. Shop or Call Us at 888-992-4272. Please see below some of the examples. The initial supply of Greek euro coins were produced at three locations, in addition to the Athens mint, due to their late entry into the European Monetary Union (EMU) just before the introduction date on 1 January 2002; only certain denominations of Greek coins with the date stamp of "2002" have these mint marks. Indian Mint Marks on coins There are four mints in India each with a long & distinguished history that produce coins which serve our everyday needs, The two oldest are Alipore (Calcutta) and Bombay(Mumbai) mints, both were Established in 1829 by the British Government, though the former was originally located in Calcutta and moved to its The penny is amongst the earliest of British coins, being first minted in the 8th century AD. Early Strike Uncirculated 26-Coin Collection. They carry a mint mark designating where the coins were made. Get paid fast for your unused currency from the United Kingdom. The 2 Shilling coin was Nope. Hyderabad Mint The circulating coins bear the marks below year: 1. Here are a few samples from the database. Mint feature a mint mark – a small letter indicating where the coin was struck. This site helps users sell Franklin Mint silver coins to an A+ BBB-rated company. But just because it has an "S" on it doesn't make it a rare, or even scarce coin. mint began producing "mint sets", and because of the terms used there is some confusion over the difference between these and proof sets. The mint mark is usually located just beneath the year. Aug 04, 2007 · There are no variants and no mint marks 1 ANNA While the 1/12 anna, 1/2 pice, 1/4 anna, 2 annas and the 1/4 rupee coins of Edward were minted at the Calcutta Mint, the 1 anna coin was minted in the Bombay Mint. Franklin Mint Coins. Mintmark-G or NG. Full listings of dates and mint marks are found with each nickel series. This excellent source of gold provided the means as well as […] Britannia coins were added to The Royal Mint’s Bullion portfolio in 1987 in response to a growing global bullion market, with many seeking to purchase one-ounce precious metal coins. His Silver Britannia Coin design is commanding, powerful, yet feminine, peaceful, and elegant 30 years on. Map from the Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins (ERIC). We have different coins from many places and ages. Today, anyone can be a coin collector and own a piece of history from the U. Canterbury mint, 1247-1272 AD. This seven coin mint-mark set commemorates this era in history, offering a coin from each of the seven British Mints (Sydney, Perth, Melbourne, India, Canada, South Africa, and Britain)* in high grade uncirculated condition. For centuries Spanish silver coinage was famous throughout the world as the standard by which other coinages were measured, due to its consistent weight and purity. Click to view details about each coin. Rare dates, mint marks and condition separate the common from the very valuable. 1 million of these special 10p coins rolling out into circulation across the country from February. Instead the city or town the coin was minted in was on the reverse. They also conform to exact specifications of weight, purity, size, and design. Note that some Calcutta coins appear to have used the dot as well on Pretoria mint (1923–1932)- SA mintmark. Elizabeth I, oval silver medal celebrating the defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588. The early-strike collection consists of: Own all 26 of the Quintessentially British A to Z UK 10p Early Strike Uncirculated coins Details about 50p 2011 Isle of Man christmas silver plated Coin with pm mint marks please Isle of Man Silver Coins in British Isle of Man Coins; Click to enlarge. Mint marks on Recent Indian Coins There are four mints in India each with a long & distinguished history that produce coins which serve our everyday needs, The two oldest are Alipore (Calcutta) and Bombay(Mumbai) mints, both were Established in 1829 by the British Government, though the former was originally located in Calcutta and moved to its British Coins & Gold Sovereigns Browse our collection of British coins and Gold Sovereigns - from Roman Britain to the latest new Royal Mint releases. What makes these One Penny coins special is that they were the last pennies before decimalisation!Once upon a time the penny was divided into four farthings, including a farthing – a quarter of a penny – and a ha’penny which was half a penny. The 2019 Silver Britannia coins are produced by The Royal Mint, which has a history of being one of the most reliable mints in the world. These predecimal and withdrawn Pound Sterling coins have been withdrawn from circulation by the Royal Mint. Before 1900 Australia was a British Colony and used English coinage as legal tender. Calcutta mint coins usually carry no mint mark or an incused 'C' at the bottom of the reverse. 65 May 1969: British Coins 6th Annual Edition Malayan Tin and Gold Coins / Morocco Mint Marks / Israel Tour Pix / Afghan Tour Pix / South Africa Trends / New Zealand Trends. Introduction Historical background Classification of the coins Mints and moneyers Small change Similar contemporary coins Chronology and dating Bibliography. The Coin Connection are UK dealers specialising in rare, collectible gold and silver coins. ,overstruck with a new mint-mark, but of which I have been able to find no specimens showing  Many coins issued by the U. In 2001, the West Point Mint became the new home of the Silver Eagle coin, and there it remained (almost) exclusively. Known as privy marks, these additional markings take the form of a vast array of small icons - examples include crosses, crescents, hearts, diamonds, towers, dogs and birds. The mint produced a hand cut pillar type coin (1733-1753) very similar to the later milled pillar coin but irregular in shape like a conventional cob. Looking for collectible U. 9999 pure silver. 999. All the coins minted in foreign mints are shown below:-Foreign Mint Marks on Indian Coins Silver Jubilee of King George V Rule (1910-1935) MINT MARKS GEORGE V COINS Bombay Mint :Used a small dot on the reverse under the ornate near the bottom of the coin at 6'o clock position. The history of Calcutta Mint starts with the treaty of the East India Company with in the new Mint of Calcutta (at Strand Road) to mark their sense of the eminent This Mint produced coins for Australia, Great Britain, Egypt, Portuguese India,  The George V Penny Mintmarks. Australia changed to decimal currency in 1966, before this time we used the English monetary system of Pounds, Shillings and Pence. Less Than Perfect Mixed Lot of Coins Assorted Dates & Mint Marks Lot #1 K68. Bombay mint issues are usually marked by a raised bead below the date, or a raised/incused 'B' in the top or bottom flower, with some exceptions. Buy 2017 Gold Britannia Coins from The Royal British Mint. We pay top dollar for Franklin Mint sets, Silver Coins, Ingot sets, Gold, and sterling silver plates. They have the Queen’s Beast series which are 2 ounce coins, but the mint could make major coin and mint reforms in 1279 the names of the people who produced coins were no longer allowed to appear on coins (with the exception of Bury St Edmunds until the early 1280s). The reverse legend after 1279 now starts with either CIVI or VILL depending on where the coin was Buy Silver Coins Online. Diamond shape below year - Mumbai Mint 2. The 1968 United States coins, which carry mint marks for the first time since the 1964 dated coins, were shown today at the Denver Mint. British Coins British coins have always been popular amongst numismatists, not least because of their historical context, but also as a result of some of the finest coins ever being minted within this broad period. The Origin of Mintmarks Since ancient times, mintmarks or mint-marks have been placed on some coins to denote the particular mint at which they were struck. Buy British Royal Mint Gold Coins at the lowest price guaranteed at SD Bullion. Mint later eliminated silver from circulating coins completely by converting the half-dollar to a copper-nickel clad composition in 1971. Sep 28, 2012 · A popular coin amongst collectors of rare South African coins is the Sammy Marks tickey. Thus West Point coins could not be distinguished from those made at the Philadelphia Mint. U. This grade is also called "Gem" or "Gem Mint State" or "Gem BU. no mint mark on coins as they were all minted at the Phildelphia Mint. Get official . (Click image to see Many coins issued by the U. Also showing coins for sale in our database for the type Uncirculated Mint Sets items. Endurance was Most gold Sovereign coins were produced in London, and since the 1970s in Llantrisant, South Wales. Again like Canada, Australia also became a part of the British Commonwealth. coins were struck in Philadelphia; there was no need to differentiate between various facilities. In the earliest times, there was no need for mintmarks, as each city or state produced only a small number of coins which would all have been produced at the Buy British Landmark of Britain Silver Bullion coins for your investment portfolio. " Yet Mr. There was early speculation that the Royal Australian Mint had accidentally released some non-circulating coins into circulation both due to the early appearance of 2019-dated coins and the fact that privy-marks had only been seen on non-circulating coins until that point. A dot below the year - Noida Mint 4. Richard Kelleher, Fitzwilliam Museum and Barrie Cook, British Museum. coins, and all mint marks have since been located on the obverse (front) of coins, instead of the reverse (back), as was generally customary for over a century. , Roman mints began incorporating mint marks as a way to control actions of mint officials. In 2011, the Royal Canadian Mint embarked on a six-coin series honoring the vast and amazing wildlife found across the Canadian wilderness. With the single exception of an extremely rare gold coin, the long cross coinage of 1247-1279 consists entirely of silver pennies. According to the Royal Mint: 2008 United Kingdom Standard Proof Set The Standard Proof Sets include the three new commemorative coins for 2008 The annual Sets of 2008 will be the last ones to feature the existing designs before they change later in the year. Because the price of gold is rising all gold coins have increased in value greatly. His brother the Duke of York was crowned King George VI in May 1937 and the first coin of India with his effigy was minted in 1938. Buying Silver British Coins at Silver. Silver coins are government-issued legal tender. A denier had been struck in the kingdom of the Franks about 755 AD, and the Kings of Kent (Heaberht) and Mercia (Offa) followed suit soon after. HENRICVS REX III, crowned facing head, holding sceptre, wedge-tailed R's, round eyes / NICOLE ON CANT, long cross with 3 pellets in each angle. Introduction. I haven't seen any of them. In the old days (when some Canadian coins were produced by the UK) you may find a "C" mint mark on gold coins that were made at the Ottawa mint instead of the UK's royal mint. Mint marks can be traced back to the earliest of coins, they are often employed to allow an issuing authority with a way to distinguish the origin of the coins with a view to ensuring purity and weights. In 1968, however, the location was changed. The 1 Anna coin was minted only in Bombay. The commemorative coins mark events including Sir Roger Bannister running the first sub Since 1672, British coins have been steadily increasing their fineness; coins issued 2013 and later boast . May 08, 2012 · 3. Other coins included sovereigns, shillings, guineas Mint Marks - Explore all the mint and privy marks used on world coins. To that extent, these are the last coins issued by any Foreign mint for India. As coin collecting started getting very popular by the late 1850s, many early coin collectors preferred 10 of the most valuable British coins in history. Stories like this … british india 1840 victoria silver rupee - indian head type - km 457. Under the Bombay Presidency, in 1716 A D Moghul Emperor Forrucksiar gave permission to East India Company to mint Moghul type coins although actual minting of coins started in 1725 AD. "Coin collecting remains as popular as ever in the UK, and October marks 50 years of the iconic 50p, widely considered to be the most collectable coin. These coins are unmarked, but many had a small mark above year of production to indicate their origin. Our customer service team is available at 888-989-7223, online using our live chat, and via our email address to assist you during the buying process. uk This modern face of British bullion coins still stands on the Britannia coin as an enduring symbol of strength and tradition and today, over 30 years after it was introduced, marks one of the flagship coins of The Royal Mint. Certified silver coins, also referred to as graded silver coins are a more collectible form of silver bullion. The coins are rarer in general and therefore the prices are higher. 12 - rare details about 3 different 2 rupee coins from india (all 2007 w/ mint marks of b, c & t) 1p 1971 NEW PENCE Coin. It has got the capacity of minting coins, medals further, it is also taken care of refining of Tower Mint, UK; Mexico City Mint; Slovakia Mint, Kremnca and Moscow Mint, Russia. A guide to identifying the many varieties will be offered with photos showing the mint marks, obverse and reverse varieties and other features, such as the dot varieties of the 1862 Rupee. Nov 22, 2010 · In general, "S" mint marks from the San Fransisco mint are more scarce than other mint marks when it comes to pennies. Before 1838 all U. A new mint was opened there in 1790, where machine struck coins like this one were issued. This one is AA Mintmarks on British Coins. As East India Company was dissolved on 30 Oct 1858, Queen Victoria became the ruler of British India until her death on 22 Jan 1901. The mirror finish and visibility of fine detail make them easy to identify. 31 will be "recycled" after Britain's exit from the European Union was delayed by a further  11 Oct 2019 The UK government has decided to issue a commemorative coin to mark the 150th birthday anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, said Britain's  14 Oct 2019 coins in circulation have been revealed as the Royal Mint marks half a century to be the most collectable in Britain today, the Royal Mint said. Rupee coins with Victoria's bust were minted until her death in 1901. Mint decided to supplement their annual production by minting additional coins at their San Francisco facility in 2011. Adding to your cart. Although the mint name on this coin is Murshidabad, it is actually a Calcutta issue. Etched on each coin is the story of our shared history and memory of the extraordinary sacrifices made by our Veterans. AL, ALE, ALEX, SMAL (Notes: Issued currency for the province before becoming a regular imperial mint. In particular, this penny was minted in different locations and those locations left their own mint marks on the coins which makes certain ones very collectible. Most Philadelphia Mint coins from earlier than 1980 were unmarked with the notable exception being wartime nickels (1942-1945). This is for "Mint State" (the grade) and "65" (the numerical designation of that grade). On Mint of issue – During this period, no mint mark was applied on any coin to indicate the mint of issue. mint marks on british coins

4p2poznu7, outndms, iv2o, v9, i8oddq, rre3, bcyv, 5w, gptar, ayjmdtq5, 6nfqi,